Photoluminescence of nanostructured PbTiO[sub 3] processed by high-energy mechanical milling

Leite, E. R.; Santos, L. P. S.; Carren˜o, N. L. V.; Longo, E.; Paskocimas, C. A.; Varela, J. A.; Lanciotti, F.; Campos, C. E. M.; Pizani, P. S.
April 2001
Applied Physics Letters;4/9/2001, Vol. 78 Issue 15, p2148
Academic Journal
This letter reports on a process to prepare nanostructured PbTiO[sub 3] (PT) at room temperature with photoluminescence (PL) emission in the visible range. This process is based on the high-energy mechanical milling of ultrafine PbTiO[sub 3] powder. The results suggest that high-energy mechanical milling modifies the particle's structure, resulting in localized states in an interfacial region between the crystalline PT and the amorphous PT. These localized states are believed to be responsible for the PL obtained with short milling times. When long milling times are employed, the amorphous phase that is formed causes PL behavior. An alternative method to process nanostructured wide-band-gap semiconductors with active optical properties such as PL is described in this letter.


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