Electrodeposition of highly uniform magnetic nanoparticle arrays in ordered alumite

Sun, Ming; Zangari, Giovanni; Shamsuzzoha, Mohammad; Metzger, Robert M.
May 2001
Applied Physics Letters;5/7/2001, Vol. 78 Issue 19, p2964
Academic Journal
We report the fabrication of nanometer scale ordered arrays of magnetic cylindrical nanoparticles with low aspect ratio (height/radius a=0.2-7) and ultrahigh uniformity. Anodization and electrochemical deposition are employed for template synthesis and metal particle growth, respectively. Particle uniformity is achieved by an electrodeposition scheme, utilizing pulse reverse voltage wave forms to control nucleation and growth of the particles. The resulting nanoparticles are polycrystalline and grains are randomly oriented. The magnetic properties of the array are dominated by particle shape and by interparticle magnetostatic interactions. A very clear transition of the anisotropy from perpendicular to in plane is observed at an aspect ratio a of about two. The arrays exhibit good thermal stability, demonstrating a great potential of these structures as future recording media in a patterned scheme. The pulse reverse electrodeposition technique shows great promise for the synthesis of nanostructures of various nature. © 2001 American Institute of Physics.


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