Structural change at the carbon-nanotube tip by field emission

Kuzumaki, Toru; Takamura, Yuzuru; Ichinose, Hideki; Horiike, Yasuhiro
June 2001
Applied Physics Letters;6/4/2001, Vol. 78 Issue 23, p3699
Academic Journal
Carbon-nanotube tips are plastically deformed during field emission. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy and structural simulations suggest that the deformed structure of the closed nanotube is explained by heterogeneous nucleation of the pentagonal and heptagonal carbon ring pairs, and that of the opened one is represented by sp[sup 3]-like line defects in the hexagonal carbon network. It is considered that the changing of the inclination of the Fowler-Nordheim plots corresponds to the structural change in which a tip becomes sharp. The field ion microscope image and the corresponding field-emission pattern suggest that the electron emission from a closed nanotube is not necessarily from pentagonal carbon rings, but from the protrudent carbon network sites on the tip. © 2001 American Institute of Physics.


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