Ultrafast nonlinear optical method for generation of planar shocks

Moore, D. S.; Gahagan, K. T.; Reho, J. H.; Funk, David J.; Buelow, S. J.; Rabie, R. L.; Lippert, T.
January 2001
Applied Physics Letters;1/1/2001, Vol. 78 Issue 1, p40
Academic Journal
Planar shocks generated by short pulse lasers are useful in studies of shock compression phenomena and may have applications in materials science, biology, and medicine. We have found the fluence profiles of 120-400 fs duration Gaussian spatial mode incident laser pulses are reproducibly flattened via surface optical breakdown and Kerr focusing in thin dielectric substrates at fluences just above the ablation threshold. These flat laser profiles have been used to produce planar shocks that are flat to 0.7 nm root-mean-square over a 75-100 μm diameter. © 2001 American Institute of Physics.


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