Proof-of-concept projects proving productive
- Missed opportunities in TB diagnosis: a TB Process-Based Performance Review tool to evaluate and improve clinical care. Field, Nigel; Murray, Jill; Wong, Michelle L.; Dowdeswell, Rob; Dudumayo, Ntomboxolo; Rametsi, Lesego; Martinson, Neil; Lipman, Marc; Glynn, Judith R.; Sonnenberg, Pam // BMC Public Health;2011, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p127
Background: Traditional tuberculosis (TB) treatment outcome measures, such as cure rate, do not provide insight into the underlying reasons for missing clinical targets. We evaluated a TB Process-Based Performance Review (TBPBPR) tool, developed to identify "missed opportunities" for timely and...
- Infectious diseases. // MLO: Medical Laboratory Observer;Feb2010, Vol. 42 Issue 2, p8
The article presents information on the U.S. first case of extremely drug-resistant tuberculosis (XXDR-TB) found in a Peruvian student living in Florida.
- Test characteristics and potential impact of the urine LAM lateral flow assay in HIV-infected outpatients under investigation for TB and able to self-expectorate sputum for diagnostic testing. Peter, Jonny; Theron, Grant; Chanda, Duncan; Clowes, Petra; Rachow, Andrea; Lesosky, Maia; Hoelscher, Michael; Mwaba, Peter; Pym, Alex; Dheda, Keertan // BMC Infectious Diseases;Jul2015, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p1
Background: The commercially available urine LAM strip test, a point-of-care tuberculosis (TB) assay, requires evaluation in a primary care setting where it is most needed. There is currently inadequate data to guide implementation in TB and HIV-endemic settings. Methods: Adult HIV-infected...
- Can Malawi's poor afford free tuberculosis services? Patient and household costs associated with a tuberculosis diagnosis in Lilongwe. Kemp, Julia R.; Mann, Gillian; Simwaka, Bertha Nhlema; Salaniponi, Felix M. L.; Squire, Stephen Bertel // Bulletin of the World Health Organization;Aug2007, Vol. 85 Issue 8, p580
Objective To assess the relative costs of accessing a TB diagnosis for the poor and for women in urban Lilongwe, Malawi, a setting where public health services are accessible within 6 kilometres and provided free of charge. Methods Patient and household direct and opportunity costs were ...
- International standards for tuberculosis care. // Weekly Epidemiological Record;2/3/2006, Vol. 81 Issue 5, p43
The article describes an internationally accepted set of standards for tuberculosis care. By implementing these standards, all care providers can deliver high-quality care for patients of all ages, including those with smear-positive, smear-negative and extrapulmonary tuberculosis. One of the...
- Tuberculin Skin Test. // American Medical Association Family Medical Guide;2004, p663
The article provides information on tuberculin skin test. A tuberculin skin test is used to determine if a person has been exposed to the tuberculosis bacterium. After cleaning a small area of skin with an alcohol-soaked pad, a health care worker injects a small dose of tuberculin, a purified...
- Identification and Management of Tuberculosis. Jerant, Anthony F.; Bannon, Michelle; Rittenhouse, Stephen // American Family Physician;5/1/2000, Vol. 61 Issue 9, p2667
Discusses about the identification and management of tuberculosis. Screening for tuberculosis; Treatment of latent tuberculosis infection; Prevention of nosocomial transmission.
- Serologic Methods for Diagnosing Tuberculosis. Good, Robert C. // Annals of Internal Medicine;1/15/89, Vol. 110 Issue 2, p97
Editorial. Discusses the serologic methods for diagnosing tuberculosis. Reason for the increase in cases of pulmonary tuberculosis in the U.S. in 1986; Causative agents of tuberculosis; Problems presented by serologic tests that use monoclonal antibodies for antigen detection.
- Performance of Nucleic Acid Amplification Tests for Diagnosis of Tuberculosis in a Large Urban Setting. Laraque, Fabienne; Griggs, Anne; Slopen, Meredith; Munsiff, Sonal S. // Clinical Infectious Diseases;7/1/2009, Vol. 49 Issue 1, p46
Background. A diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) relies on acid-fast bacilli (AFB) smear and culture results. Two rapid tests that use nucleic acid amplification (NAA) have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the diagnosis of TB based on detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis...