TITLE

Enhanced mucosal expression of interleukin-6 mRNA but not of interleukin-8 mRNA at the margin of gastric ulcer in Helicobacter pylori-positive gastritis

AUTHOR(S)
Furukawa, Koichi; Takahashi, Toru; Arai, Futoshi; Matsushima, Koji; Asakura, Hitoshi; Furukawa, K; Takahashi, T; Arai, F; Matsushima, K; Asakura, H
PUB. DATE
October 1998
SOURCE
Journal of Gastroenterology;1998, Vol. 33 Issue 5, p625
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
journal article
ABSTRACT
To elucidate the role of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 in the pathogenesis of gastric ulcer in Helicobacter pylori-positive gastritis, in situ hybridization using digoxigenin-labeled cDNA probes for both cytokines was performed. Immunogold silver staining was added to further improve the sensitivity of this non-radioactive hybridization. The biopsy specimens were taken from eight patients with active gastric ulcer before treatment, in all of whom H. pylori was positive. Macrophages (the putative producers of these cytokines) were determined by immunohistochemistry using anti-CD68 monoclonal antibodies (KP-1). IL-6 mRNA was most abundantly expressed in the epithelium and in the infiltrating cells in tissue adjacent to gastric ulcer. Quantitative analysis disclosed a significant increase in cells positive for IL-6 mRNA near the ulcer margin compared to cells in the surrounding tissue. In contrast, cells positive for IL-8 mRNA were observed in equal proportions and evenly in the epithelium and over the entire layer of the gastric mucosa regardless of the presence of gastric ulcer. The majority of infiltrating cells positive for both IL-6 and IL-8 mRNA were thought to be macrophages because of their morphologic features and their immunohistochemical reactivity to CD68. These findings strongly suggest that IL-6 is overexpressed at the margin of gastric ulcer in H. pylori-positive gastritis.
ACCESSION #
4690326

 

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