Peptic ulcer recurrence during maintenance therapy with H2-receptor antagonist following first-line therapy with proton pump inhibitor

Kaneko, Eizo; Hoshihara, Yoshio; Sakaki, Nobuhiro; Harasawa, Shigeru; Ashida, Kiyoshi; Asaka, Masahiro; Asaki, Shigeru; Nakamura, Takashi; Kobayashi, Kenzo; Kajiyama, Goro; Ogawa, Nobuya; Yao, Tsuneyoshi; Muto, Yasutoshi; Nakazawa, Saburo; Takemoto, Tadayoshi; Kaneko, E; Hoshihara, Y; Sakaki, N; Harasawa, S; Ashida, K
November 2000
Journal of Gastroenterology;2000, Vol. 35 Issue 11, p824
Academic Journal
journal article
We investigated the peptic ulcer recurrence rates during maintenance therapy with H2-receptor antagonists (H2RAs) following first-line therapy with a proton pump inhibitor (PPI). Patients with gastric ulcer (GU) or duodenal ulcer (DU) were enrolled in this study; 583 eligible patients (GU, 325; DU, 258) were administered lansoprazole (30 mg/day for 8 weeks for GU, and the same dosage for 6 weeks for DU) as first-line therapy, and a half dose of H2RA as maintenance therapy for 12 months. Endoscopic photographs were taken before administration and after 8 (GU) and 6 (DU) weeks of lansoprazole administration. Ulcer stage was evaluated using the classification of Sakita and Miwa. Endoscopic examinations were performed 6 months or 12 months after the start of maintenance therapy or when a recurrence was suspected because of the appearance of subjective symptoms. The healing rates for GU and DU patients after completion of lansoprazole therapy were 79% in both groups, while the S2-stage healing rates were 18% and 31%, respectively. At 1 year after the start of maintenance therapy, the recurrence rates were 25% for GU and 39% for DU patients. In DU patients, the recurrence rates from S1-stage and S2-stage were 49% and 20%, respectively (P = 0.004), but no significant difference was found between these rates in GU patients. The recurrence rates in H. pylori-positive patients before lansoprazole administration were 27% for GU and 43% for DU patients. We concluded that the maintenance therapy with a half-dose of H2RA following PPI therapy was insufficient to prevent recurrences of GU and DU.


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