TITLE

Hepatocyte growth factor stimulates cell growth and enhances the expression of transforming growth factor alpha mRNA in AsPC-1 human pancreatic cancer cells

AUTHOR(S)
Ohba, Nobuyuki; Funatomi, Hitoshi; Seki, Tetsuya; Makino, Reiko; Mitamura, Keiji; Ohba, N; Funatomi, H; Seki, T; Makino, R; Mitamura, K
PUB. DATE
August 1999
SOURCE
Journal of Gastroenterology;1999, Vol. 34 Issue 4, p498
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
journal article
ABSTRACT
We investigated the effects of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and transforming growth factor alpha (TGF alpha) on cell growth in four human pancreatic cancer cell lines. Changes in the expression of mRNAs of HGF, c-met, TGF alpha, and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) by treatment with HGF and TGF alpha were observed. Cell growth with growth factors was assessed with the MTT assay and compared with basal growth without growth factors. Although HGF stimulated cell growth in AsPC-1, COLO-357, and T3M4 cells, Panc-1 cells showed no response to HGF. TGF alpha stimulated the growth of all the above cells. The expression of c-met mRNA under nonstimulated conditions was detected with Northern blotting in all cells. Treatment with HGF slightly enhanced the expression of c-met mRNA only in COLO-357 cells. The intensity of EGFR expression was consistent, and HGF mRNA was not detected during induction experiments in any cell type. Concomitant treatment with HGF and TGF alpha exerted an effect that was additive or less on the growth of all cells. Expression of TGF alpha was enhanced by HGF treatment only in AsPC-1 cells. These results suggested that HGF and TGF alpha stimulated cell growth through a final common pathway of signal transduction.
ACCESSION #
4689948

 

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