The Nordic comparative study on sectorized psychiatry: rates of compulsory care and use of compulsory admissions during a 1-year follow-up

Hansson, L.; Muus, S.; Saarento, O.; Vinding, H. R.; Göstas, G.; Sandlund, M.; Zandrén, T.; Öiesvold, T.
February 1999
Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology;1999, Vol. 34 Issue 2, p99
Academic Journal
Abstract Background: As part of a Nordic comparative study on contact rates of new patients and use of services in seven catchment areas, rates of compulsory care and use of compulsory admissions were explored and analyzed. The total cohort comprised 2834 patients. Results: A total of 219 patients, 7.7%, were subject to compulsory care during the follow-up. The proportion of compulsory admitted patients of all admitted patients ranged from 6% to 58% in the seven psychiatric services, and the rate of compulsory care per 1,000 inhabitants, from 0.14 to 0.99. The diagnostic subgroup most commonly committed to inpatient care was functional psychosis, comprising around 50% of all compulsory admissions. The strongest predictor of being compulsorily admitted was the specific psychiatric service the patient was in contact with, followed by having a psychosis diagnosis. High consumption of care was also associated with compulsory care, while social variables played only a minor role in predicting compulsory care. Conclusions: There was a great variation in rates of compulsory care. No consistent rural-urban pattern in rates of commitment was found. It is discussed whether a formal referral procedure to the psychiatric service is associated with higher rates of compulsory care.


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