Was Bloom's Taxonomy Pointed in the Wrong Direction?

Wineburg, Sam; Schneider, Jack
December 2009
Phi Delta Kappan;Dec2009/Jan2010, Vol. 91 Issue 4, p56
The article discusses Bloom's Taxonomy of learning in which knowledge was placed at the bottom of the pyramid. The authors believe that this sends the message that the importance of knowledge in the learning process is insignificant. It is suggested that the pyramid be turned upside down with knowledge being the most significant aspect of the learning process, followed by comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation. The difference in responses to a question of what a historical document proclaiming that October 21st 1892 was a national holiday was about from high school students and from history graduate students is discussed.


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