An optimal design method for preventing air bubbles in high-temperature microfluidic devices

Nakayama, Tsuyoshi; Hiep, Ha Minh; Furui, Satoshi; Yonezawa, Yuji; Saito, Masato; Takamura, Yuzuru; Tamiya, Eiichi
January 2010
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Jan2010, Vol. 396 Issue 1, p457
Academic Journal
DNA analysis with the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has become a routine part of medical diagnostics, environmental inspections, food evaluations, and biological studies. Furthermore, the development of a microscale PCR chip is an essential component of studies aimed at integrating PCR into a micro total analysis system (μ-TAS). However, the occurrence of air bubbles in microchannels complicates this process. In this study, we investigated a new technique based on the fluid dynamics of laminar flow that utilizes a small amount of mineral oil at the beginning of sample injection to prevent air bubbles from occurring in microchannels. We also further optimized the pressure, the length of the pressurizing channel and the volume of oil, thus making our microfluidic device more useful for high-temperature PCR. Additionally, quantitative continuous-flow PCR was performed using the optimized PCR chip in order to detect genetically modified (GM) maize. DNA was extracted from GM maize, MON 810, and non-GM maize at several concentrations from 0% (w/v) to 100% (w/v). The DNA amplification signals were then analyzed on the PCR chip using a laser-based system. The signal from our microfluidic PCR chip was found to increase in direct proportion to the initial GM maize concentration.


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