Career and Technical Education in United States Prisons: What Have We Learned?

Ward, Shakoor A.
September 2009
Journal of Correctional Education;Sep2009, Vol. 60 Issue 3, p191
Academic Journal
This essay examines the effects of Career and Technical Education (CTE) in U.S. prisons by looking at research that has conflicting results and inferences. Although the opposing positions are mainly represented by two studies, this essay includes literature review of historical studies representing opposing views regarding the effects of CTE in U.S. prisons. Historical studies are used to present a timeline and demonstrate CTE's reliability and validity as one of the most successful methods of prison rehabilitation. The body of this essay will summarize the opposing positions and the bulk of this discussion is divided into four main themes: a brief history of career and technical education (aka, vocational education) in prisons, description of studies, critiques, and practical applications for Workforce Education and Development (WF ED) professionals. The essay will conclude with a summary that reviews the main literature and related writings, as well as make recommendations for future research.


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