Apparatus for single ice crystal growth from the melt

Zepeda, Salvador; Nakatsubo, Shunichi; Furukawa, Yoshinori
November 2009
Review of Scientific Instruments;Nov2009, Vol. 80 Issue 11, p115102
Academic Journal
A crystal growth apparatus was designed and built to study the effect of growth modifiers, antifreeze proteins and antifreeze glycoproteins (AFGPs), on ice crystal growth kinetics and morphology. We used a capillary growth technique to obtain a single ice crystal with well-defined crystallographic orientation grown in AFGP solution. The basal plane was readily observed by rotation of the capillary. The main growth chamber is approximately a 0.8 ml cylindrical volume. A triple window arrangement was used to minimize temperature gradients and allow for up to 10 mm working distance objective lens. Temperature could be established to within ±10 mK in as little as 3.5 min and controlled to within ±2 mK after 15 min for at least 10 h. The small volume growth chamber and fast equilibration times were necessary for parabolic flight microgravity experiments. The apparatus was designed for use with inverted and side mount configurations.


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