TITLE

Comparing Indirect, Descriptive, and Experimental Functional Assessments of Challenging Behavior in Children with Autism

AUTHOR(S)
Tarbox, Jonathan; Wilke, Arthur E.; Najdowski, Adel C.; Findel-Pyles, Rachel S.; Balasanyan, Susie; Caveney, Amy C.; Chilingaryan, Vardui; King, Deidra M.; Niehoff, Sarah M.; Slease, Kelly; Tia, Betty
PUB. DATE
December 2009
SOURCE
Journal of Developmental & Physical Disabilities;Dec2009, Vol. 21 Issue 6, p493
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Current standards of practice in psychological and educational services dictate the need for ascertaining the function of challenging behaviors before treating them and for behavioral interventions to be based on the function of behavior. At least three broad categories of functional assessments have been developed, including indirect, descriptive, and experimental procedures. Although experimental functional analyses are common in empirical research on behavioral intervention, indirect and descriptive functional assessment procedures may be more commonly used in clinical and educational practice. Little research has systematically compared indirect, descriptive, and experimental functional assessments in children with autism. The current study compares indirect, descriptive, and experimental functional assessments, across seven children with autism, representing a range of ages and topographies of challenging behavior. Overall, descriptive assessments often did not produce conclusive results, whereas the indirect and experimental assessments generally did. Concurrence across the three types of functional assessments was found in only one case. Implications for clinical and educational practice are discussed.
ACCESSION #
45471998

 

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