TITLE

Regional cerebral perfusion for surgical correction of neonatal aortic arch obstruction

AUTHOR(S)
Hui Zhang; Pei Cheng; Jia Hou; Lei Li; Hu Liu; Ruifang Liu; Bingyang Ji; Yi Luo
PUB. DATE
May 2009
SOURCE
Perfusion;May2009, Vol. 24 Issue 3, p185
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
One-stage repair of aortic arch obstruction and associated cardiac anomalies is a surgical challenge in infants. The purpose of the present study is to review the current outcome using regional cerebral perfusion (RCP) during a procedure correcting interrupted aortic arch (IAA) and also isolated aortic coarctation (CoA) and CoA combined with hypoplastic aortic arch (CoA-HyAA) in our center. Between January 2007 and July 2008, 24 infant patients with interrupted aortic arch (IAA) (n=3), isolated aortic coarctation (iCoA) (n=9) and aortic coarctation with hypoplastic aortic arch (CoA-HyAA) (n=12) underwent one-stage surgical correction in our hospital. End-to-end anastomosis was employed in 12 infants (IAA n=3 and iCoA n=9); for the other 12 patients with CoA-HyAA, an end-to-end extended anastomosis was used in 8 cases, end-to-side anastomosis in 2 cases, and composite heterologous pericardial patch in 2 cases. RCP with 40 mL/kg/min through the innominate artery during aortic arch reconstruction was employed for all pediatric patients. One single-dose histidine-ketoglutarate-tryptophan (HTK) solution was used for myocardial protection during CPB. Cardiopulmonary bypass time and aortic cross-clamp time were 165.6±32.4min and 81.7±30.0min, respectively. The mean regional cerebral perfusion time was 31.0±10.6min; lowest nasopharyngeal temperature was 19.1±1.1°C. Operative mortality rate in both groups was 8.3%. Mean follow-up was 10.5±4.8 months. There was no late mortality or postoperative neurologic, renal or hepatic complications. All patients are asymptomatic and are developing normally. One-stage total arch repair using the RCP technique is an excellent method that may minimize neurologic and renal complications. Our surgical strategy for arch anomaly has a low rate of residual and recurrent coarctation when performed in these infants.
ACCESSION #
45408874

 

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