Clinical experience of using multidetector-row CT for the diagnosis of disorders in cattle

Lee, K.; Yamada, K.; Tsuneda, R.; Kishimoto, M.; Shimizu, J.; Kobayashi, Y.; Furuoka, H.; Matsui, T.; Sasaki, N.; Ishii, M.; Inokuma, H.; Iwasaki, T.; Miyake, Y.
November 2009
Veterinary Record: Journal of the British Veterinary Association;11/7/2009, Vol. 165 Issue 19, p559
Academic Journal
To determine the clinical usefulness of multidetectorrow CT for the diagnosis of disorders in cattle, images were obtained from 27 cattle, which were then subjected to postmortem and histopathological examinations. The cattle were divided into three categories of disorder: neurological (18 cases), skeletal (four cases) and other (five cases). In five cattle, which were suspected to have brain diseases, no abnormalities were identified by either CT or histopathological examination. Eight types of lesions were detected by CT in the cattle with neurological and vestibular disorders. The diseases diagnosed included hydrocephalus (three cases), intracranial arachnoid cysts (three cases), otitis media (five cases), cerebral abscess (one case), meningoencephalocele (one case), porencephaly (one case), bicephalus (one case) and rupture of the spinal cord (one case). Lesions were identified in all the cattle with skeletal disorders, including luxation (two cases), fracture (two cases), spondylosis (one case) and congenital disorders of the skeletal system (one case). Morphological disorders in the eyes (one case), nasal cavity (two cases), frontal sinuses (one case), thyroid glands (two cases), lung fields (two cases) and abdominal organs (two cases) were diagnosed by CT.


Related Articles

  • Investigation of magnetization transfer ratio-derived pial and subpial abnormalities in the multiple sclerosis spinal cord. Kearney, Hugh; Yiannakas, Marios C.; Samson, Rebecca S.; Wheeler-Kingshott, Claudia A. M.; Ciccarelli, Olga; Miller, David H. // Brain: A Journal of Neurology;Sep2014, Vol. 137 Issue 9, p2456 

    Spinal cord meningeal inflammation is present in multiple sclerosis. Using magnetization transfer imaging, Kearney et al. demonstrate abnormalities in a region encompassing the pia mater and subpial spinal cord in patients, and an association with cord atrophy. The results provide additional...

  • Metastatic Hemangiopericytoma Presenting as an Epidural Spinal Cord Lesion. Brass, Steven David; Guiot, Marie-Christine; Albrecht, Steffen; Glikstein, Rafael; Mohr, Gérard // Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences;Nov2004, Vol. 31 Issue 4, p550 

    Presents a case report on Metastatic Hemangiopericytoma that presents as an epidural spinal cord lesion. Effect of hemangiopericytoma in the central nervous system; Description of patient with recurrent extraspinal hemangiopericytoma with an epidural spinal cord compression; Clinical evolution...

  • Identifying Myelopathy Caused by Thoracic Syringomyelia: A Case Report. Hudson, Beverly Rene; Cook, Chad; Goode, Adam // Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy (Journal of Manual & Ma;2008, Vol. 16 Issue 2, p82 

    Myelopathy is a form of neurological disease caused by compression of the spinal cord. Upper and lower quarter screens are commonly used in identifying rnyelopathy, although most of the screen components demonstrate poor or unstudied diagnostic value. The purpose of this case report is to...

  • Diffusion tensor imaging in the cervical spinal cord. Ting Song; Wen-Jun Chen; Bo Yang; Hong-Pu Zhao; Jian-Wei Huang; Ming-Jin Cai; Tian-Fa Dong; Tang-Sheng Li // European Spine Journal;Mar2011, Vol. 20 Issue 3, p422 

    There are discrepancy between MR findings and clinical presentations. The compressed cervical cord in patients of the spondylotic myelopathy may be normal on conventional MRI when it is at the earlier stage or even if patients had severe symptoms. Therefore, it is necessary to take a developed...

  • Foreign body reactions causing spinal cord tethering: a case-based update. Martínez-Lage, Juan F.; Ñiguez, Belen Ferri; Almagro, María José; Rodriguez, María Cristina; Pérez-Espejo, Miguel A. // Child's Nervous System;May2010, Vol. 26 Issue 5, p601 

    Patients operated on for myelomeningocele (MMC) and lipomeningocele (LMC) can suffer from late functional worsening that, in many cases, is due to spinal cord tethering by the post-repair scarring process. In this case-based update, we report two patients operated on for MMC and LMC,...

  • Malformations of the fetal spine using in utero MR imaging. Griffiths, P. D.; Connolly, D.; Widjaja, E.; Whitby, E. H. // Cerebrospinal Fluid Research;2005 Supplement 1, Vol. 2, pS18 

    Background The detection of spinal cord malformations in utero remains a challenge for clinicians involved in antenatal diagnosis. No imaging method can make accurate predictions as to the neurological/developmental functional outcome in an individual case but having the most anatomical detail...

  • Symptomatic cerebellar tonsillar ectopia in lipomyelomeningocele patients. Mohit, Alex; Nielsen, Nadine; Avellino, Anthony; Loeser, John D.; Ellenbogen, Richard; Shurtleff, David // Cerebrospinal Fluid Research;2005 Supplement 1, Vol. 2, pS19 

    Background To study the incidence of cerebellar tonsillar ectopia and Chiari type symptoms in a population of LMM patients. Materials and methods The records of patients with a diagnosis of LMM between the years of 1978 and 2003 (130 patients) at Children's Hospital and Regional Medical Center...

  • clonic. Peters, Michael // BMA A-Z Family Medical Encyclopedia;2004, p179 

    A definition of the term "clonic" is presented. It refers to the abnormal muscle contractions called clonus, which are sometimes a sign of a brain or spinal cord disorder.

  • Docetaxel-induced photolichenoid eruption. Vasudevan, Biju; Sawhney, M. P. S.; Sharma, Nitu // Indian Journal of Pharmacology;Aug2009, Vol. 41 Issue 4, p203 

    A 58-year-old man presented with complaints of blackish discoloration of forearms and face of five months duration. The lesions occurred episodically after taking anti-cancer medications, each episode lasting for two weeks. Histopathology confirmed a lichenoid eruption. Photolichenoid eruption...


Read the Article


Sign out of this library

Other Topics