Determination of sulfation pattern in brain glycosaminoglycans by chip-based electrospray ionization ion trap mass spectrometry

Flangea, Corina; Schiopu, Catalin; Sisu, Eugen; Serb, Alina; Przybylski, Michael; Seidler, Daniela G.; Zamfir, Alina D.
December 2009
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Dec2009, Vol. 395 Issue 8, p2489
Academic Journal
Chondroitin sulfate (CS) and dermatan sulfate (DS) glycosaminoglycans display variability of sulfation in their constituent disaccharide repeats during chain elongation. Since a large proportion of the extracellular matrix of the central nervous system (CNS) is composed of proteoglycans, CS/DS disaccharide degree and profile of sulfation play important roles in the functional diversity of neurons, brain development, and some of its pathological states. To investigate the sulfation pattern of CS/DS structures expressed in CNS, we introduced here a novel method based on an advanced system encompassing fully automated chip nanoelectrospray ionization (nanoESI) in the negative ion mode and high capacity ion trap multistage mass spectrometry (MS2–MS3) by collision-induced dissociation (CID). This method, introduced here for the first time in glycomics of brain glycosaminoglycans, was particularly applied to structural investigation of disaccharides obtained by β-elimination and digestion with chondroitin B and AC I lyase of hybrid CS/DS chains from wild-type mouse brain. Screening in the chip-MS mode of DS disaccharide fraction resulting after depolymerization with chondroitin B lyase revealed molecular ions assigned to monosulfated disaccharide species having a composition of 4,5-Δ-[IdoA-GalNAc]. By optimized CID MS2–MS3, fragment ions supporting the localization of sulfate ester group at C4 within GalNAc were produced. Chip ESI MS profiling of CS disaccharide fraction obtained by depolymerization of the same CS/DS chain using chondroitin AC I lyase indicated the occurrence of mono- and bisulfated 4,5-Δ-[GlcA-GalNAc]. The site of oversulfation was determined by MS2–MS3, which provided sequence patterns consistent with a rare GlcA-3-sulfate–GalNAc-6-sulfate structural motif. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]


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