TITLE

Ultrasensitive amperometric immunosensor for the determination of carcinoembryonic antigen based on a porous chitosan and gold nanoparticles functionalized interface

AUTHOR(S)
Yaxi Liu; Ruo Yuan; Yaqin Chai; Chenglin Hong; Kaige Liu; Shu Guan
PUB. DATE
December 2009
SOURCE
Microchimica Acta;Dec2009, Vol. 167 Issue 3/4, p217
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
An immunosensor has been fabricated for direct amperometric determination of carcinoembryonic antigen. It is based on a biocompatible composite film composed of porous chitosan (pChit) and gold nanoparticles (GNPs). Firstly, a pChit film was formed on a glassy carbon electrode by means of electrodeposition. Then, thionine as a redox probe was immobilized on the pChit film modified electrode using glutaraldehyde as a cross-linker. Finally, GNPs were adsorbed on the electrode surface to assemble carcinoembryonic antibody (anti-CEA). The surface morphology of the pChit films was studied by means of a scanning electron microscope. The immunosensor was further characterized by cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The electrochemical behaviors and factors influencing the performance of the resulting immunosensors were studied in detail. Results showed that the pChit films can enhance the surface coverage of antibodies and improve the sensitivity of the immunosensor. Under optimal conditions, the immunosensor was highly sensitive to CEA with a detection limit of 0.08 ng·mL−1 at three times the background noise and linear ranges of 0.2∼10.0 ng·mL−1 and 10.0∼160 ng·mL−1. Moreover, the immunosensor exhibited high selectivity, good reproducibility and stability.
ACCESSION #
45362372

 

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