TITLE

Temporal Trends in the Incidence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection and Risk Behavior among Injection Drug Users in Baltimore, Maryland, 1988-1998

AUTHOR(S)
Nelson, Kenrad E.; Galai, Noya; Safaeian, Mahboobeh; Strathdee, Steffanie A.; Celentano, David D.; Vlahov, David
PUB. DATE
October 2002
SOURCE
American Journal of Epidemiology;Vol. 156 Issue 7, p641
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Although the incidence of and mortality from acquired immunodeficiency syndrome have declined recently in the United States, data are needed on the incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and risk behaviors among injection drug users (IDUs). The authors studied the temporal trends of HIV incidence and risk behavior, ascertained through semiannual confidential interviews, between 1988 and 1998 in a cohort of 1,532 HIV-seronegative IDUs in Baltimore, Maryland. An additional 338 HIV-negative drug users were recruited in 1994 and were studied by using the same methods. Overall, 277 persons seroconverted to HIV during 8,826.45 person-years of follow-up, an incidence of 3.14 per 100 person-years. The incidence per 100 person-years declined over time from 4.45 in 1988-1990 to 3.35 in 1991-1994 to 1.84 in 1995-1998, a decline of 12% per year. HIV infections were associated with injection of cocaine, more frequent injection, needle sharing, and injection in a shooting galley. Sexual behavior variables associated with HIV incidence included a sexually transmitted infection, male homosexual behavior, and sex with another IDU. These data suggest that high-risk behavior and HIV incidence among IDUs have decreased recently in Baltimore. Nevertheless, additional prevention strategies are needed in these populations.
ACCESSION #
45264339

 

Related Articles

  • CRYSTAL BALL. Brown, Ethan; Dumenco, Simon // New York;4/29/2002, Vol. 35 Issue 14, p35 

    Explores the use of the illicit drug, crystal methamphetamine by gays in New York City. Information on the drug; Implications of the drug on their sexual practices; Correlation between crystal methamphetamine use and HIV infection among gays.

  • The changing face of AIDS. Hower, Tyler // Gay & Lesbian Times;11/27/2003, Issue 831, p38 

    Examines the ways HIV and AIDS have affected and transformed the gay and lesbian community. Reduction of HIV/AIDS funding in order to meet budget shortfalls in the U.S.; Status of AIDS research; Development of improved therapies; Factors blamed for the trend of increasing HIV infection; Strides...

  • SummerQuest 2003: big names, big dollars, poor returns. Bone, Travis D. // Gay & Lesbian Times;11/6/2003, Issue 828, p16 

    Reports on the 2003 SummerQuest, a fund raising event of the gay community in San Diego, California seeking funding for HIV/AIDS research and services. Highlights of the event; Concerns about the cost of SummerQuest.

  • Natural History of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Viremia after Seroconversion and Proximal... Lyles, Robert H.; Munoz, Alvaro; Yamashita, Traci E.; Bazmi, Holly; Detels, Roger; Rinaldo, Charles R.; Margolick, Joseph B.; Phair, John P.; Mellors, John W. // Journal of Infectious Diseases;3/1/2000, Vol. 181 Issue 3, p872 

    Studies the natural history of HIV-1 viremia after seroconversion and proximal to AIDS in a large cohort of homosexual men. HIV RNA measurements; Differences in HIV RNA load and CD4 cell counts; Preseroconversion HIV RNA loads and CD4 cell counts.

  • Knowledge and risk behaviors related to HIV/AIDS, and their association with information resource among men who have sex with men in Heilongjiang province, China. Shengyuan Liu; Kaili Wang; Songpo Yao; Xiaotong Guo; Yancheng Liu; Binyou Wang // BMC Public Health;2010, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p250 

    Backgroud: In Heilongjiang province, the HIV prevalence in men who have sex with men (MSM) is generally lower than other part of China. However, the official perception for their risk of HIV/AIDS infection has been increasing in the province over the years. Moreover, little information on...

  • HIV KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDES AMONG INTRAVENOUS DRUG USERS: COMPARISONS TO THE U.S. POPULATION AND BY DRUG USE BEHAVIORS. Celentano, David D.; Vlahov, David; Menon, A. S.; Polk, B. Frank // Journal of Drug Issues;Summer91, Vol. 21 Issue 3, p635 

    As part of the baseline survey of a prospective study of the natural history of HIV-1 infection among intravenous (IV) drug users, 1,580 current and former IV drug users (IVDUs) were interviewed about their knowledge of AIDS, acquisition and prevention of HIV-1 infection, and risk behaviors....

  • Trends of HIV Risk Behaviors in a Cohort of Injecting Drug Users and Their Sex Partners in Miami, Florida, 1988-1998. McCoy, Clyde B.; Metsch, Lisa R.; Comerford, Mary; Wei Zhao; Coltes, Amanda J.; Messiah, Sarah E. // AIDS & Behavior; 

    A cohort of 111 injection drug users (IDUs) and their sex partners was assessed in 1988 concerning risk behaviors for HIV and knowledge of HIV/AIDS. Ten years later, in 1998, the cohort was reassessed using the same instrument. All who were HIV negative in 1988 were retested by blood draw for...

  • DATE STATISTICE HIV - SIDA ÃŽN ROMÂNIA ÅŸI ÃŽN JUDEÅ¢UL CLUJ ÃŽN PREZENT. Andreica, Lucia // Acta Medica Transilvanica;jun2011, Vol. 16 Issue 2, p11 

    The article presents a statistical picture of the HIV - AIDS in Romania and Cluj county. In Romania, the first case of AIDS was reported in an adult in 1985, and a child - in 1989. The number of cumulative cases of HIV / AIDS in Romania recorded between 1985 and 2010 is 16,299, half the children...

  • HIV/AIDS in China. Stephenson, Joan // JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association;3/15/2006, Vol. 295 Issue 11, p1239 

    The article reports on the rise of HIV infection in China. According to a joint report by the Chinese Ministry of Health and United Nations agencies, 650,000 people are living in China with HIV. 70,000 new cases are reported each year. An estimated 80% of cases are due to intravenous drug use...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics