Light emitting field effect transistor with two self-aligned Si nanocrystal layers

Beyer, V.; Schmidt, B.; Heinig, K.-H.; Stegemann, K.-H.
November 2009
Applied Physics Letters;11/9/2009, Vol. 95 Issue 19, p193501
Academic Journal
Light emitting field effect transistors based on narrow layers of silicon nanocrystals (NCs) in the gate oxide were fabricated. Direct quantum mechanical electron and hole tunneling into NCs was achieved by self-alignment of NCs-interface-distances to ∼2 nm. The direct tunneling reduces oxide degradation, prolongs device lifetime and increases operation speed. Self-alignment occurs during thermal treatment of ion irradiated stacks of 50 nm polycrystalline silicon/15 nm SiO2/(001)Si substrate. An alternating voltage (ac) was applied to the gate to inject charges into the NCs. Due to injection by direct tunneling, electroluminescence extends to higher ac frequencies than reported so far.


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