TITLE

Reffye Mitrailleuse

AUTHOR(S)
Guttman, Jon
PUB. DATE
January 2010
SOURCE
Military History;Jan2010, Vol. 26 Issue 5, p25
SOURCE TYPE
Periodical
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The article highlights the Reffye Mitrailleuse, which was the first machine gun in the world designed by Belgian army Captain Toussaint-Henry-Joseph Fafchamps. The 50-barrel mitrailleuse featured a crank, alternating needle-fire mechanism that was used to fire preloaded cartridges from a steel breechblock. Fafchamps together with Joseph Montigny developed a more practical version, which was adopted by the French army in 1865. The mitrailleuse was first used during the Franco-Prussian War and for executing Communards after the fall of the Paris Commune.
ACCESSION #
45213817

 

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