TITLE

Declines in Physical Activity and Higher Systolic Blood Pressure in Adolescence

AUTHOR(S)
Maximova, Katerina; O'Loughlin, Jennifer; Paradis, Gilles; Hanley, James A.; Lynch, John
PUB. DATE
November 2009
SOURCE
American Journal of Epidemiology;Nov2009, Vol. 170 Issue 9, p1084
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The authors examined the potential association between changes in the number of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) sessions per week, adiposity, and systolic blood pressure (SBP) during adolescence. SBP and anthropometric factors were assessed biannually (1999/2000, 2002, and 2004) in a cohort of 1,293 Canadian adolescents aged 12–13 years in 1999. Self-reported 7-day recall data on MVPA sessions ≥5 minutes in duration were collected every 3 months over the 5-year period. Estimates of initial level and rate of decline in number of MVPA sessions per week from individual growth models were used as predictors of SBP in linear regression models. A decline of 1 MVPA session per week with each year of age was associated with 0.29-mm Hg and 0.19-mm Hg higher SBPs in girls and boys, respectively, in early adolescence (ages 12.8–15.1 years) and 0.40-mm Hg and 0.18-mm Hg higher SBPs, respectively, in late adolescence (ages 15.2–17.0 years). The associations were not attenuated by changes in body mass index, waist circumference, or skinfold thickness in girls during late adolescence. Although weaker, associations were evident in boys during late adolescence, as well as in both girls and boys during early adolescence. These results support prevention of declines in MVPA during adolescence to prevent higher blood pressure in youth.
ACCESSION #
45209750

 

Related Articles

  • Recommendations to improve physical activity among teenagers- A qualitative study with ethnic minority and European teenagers. Brophy, Sinead; Crowley, Annie; Mistry, Rupal; Hill, Rebecca; Choudhury, Sopna; Thomas, Non E.; Rapport, Frances // BMC Public Health;2011, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p412 

    Background: To understand the key challenges and explore recommendations from teenagers to promote physical activity with a focus on ethnic minority children. Methods: Focus groups with teenagers aged 16-18 of Bangladeshi, Somali or Welsh descent attending a participating school in South Wales,...

  • Children with diabetes benefit from exercise. Wolfsdorf, J. I. // Archives of Disease in Childhood;Dec2005, Vol. 90 Issue 12, p1215 

    The article presents information on how children with diabetes can benefit from physical activities. Recent report concerning the effects of regular physical activity on health and behavioral outcomes in 6-18 year old youth recommends that school age youth should participate daily in at least 60...

  • Associations of physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness and fatness with low-grade inflammation in adolescents: the AFINOS Study. Martinez-Gomez, D.; Eisenmann, J. C.; Wärnberg, J.; Gomez-Martinez, S.; Veses, A.; Veiga, O. L.; Marcos, A. // International Journal of Obesity;Oct2010, Vol. 34 Issue 10, p1501 

    Objective:To examine the independent associations of objectively measured physical activity (PA), cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and fatness with low-grade inflammatory markers in adolescents.Design:Cross-sectional study in Spain.Subjects:A sample of 192 adolescents aged 13-17...

  • Stages of Exercise Change and Screen Time in Adolescents. Sas-Nowosielski, Krzysztof; Ogrodnik, Joanna // New Educational Review;2012, Vol. 30 Issue 4, p281 

    The research was focused on determination if persons at various stages of motivational readiness for leisure physical activity differ by the length of time spent in front of a TV/PC computer screen and attitudes towards such entertainment. Subject to research were 139 high school students aged...

  • Licence to be active: parental concerns and 10–11-year-old children's ability to be independently physically active. Jago, Russell; Thompson, Janice L.; Page, Angie S.; Brockman, Rowan; Cartwright, Kim; Fox, Kenneth R. // Journal of Public Health;Dec2009, Vol. 31 Issue 4, p472 

    Background: Physical activity independent of adult supervision is an important component of youth physical activity. This study examined parental attitudes to independent activity, factors that limit licence to be independently active and parental strategies to facilitate independent activity.

  • Perceived Facilitators, Barriers, and Changes in a Randomized Exercise Trial for Obese Youth: A Qualitative Inquiry. Peeters, Corien; Marchand, Hannah; Tulloch, Heather; Sigal, Ron J.; Goldfield, Gary S.; Hadjiyannakis, Stasia; Kenny, Glen P. // Journal of Physical Activity & Health;Jul2012, Vol. 9 Issue 5, p650 

    Background: Purpose was to examine experiences of obese youth aged 14 to 18 years during their participation in the Healthy Eating, Aerobic, and Resistance Exercise in Youth (HEARTY) randomized controlled exercise trial. Methods: A longitudinal qualitative approach was used to investigate...

  • Accumulated versus Continuous Exercise for Health Benefit. Murphy, Marie H.; Blair, Steven N.; Murtagh, Elaine M. // Sports Medicine;2009, Vol. 39 Issue 1, p29 

    Current physical activity guidelines endorse the notion that the recommended amount of daily physical activity can be accumulated in short bouts performed over the course of a day. Although intuitively appealing, the evidence for the efficacy of accumulated exercise is not plentiful. The purpose...

  • the BO:DY YOU WANT...in the TI:ME YOU HAVE. CASSITY, JESSICA // Women's Health;Apr2013, Vol. 10 Issue 3, p126 

    The article presents several rapid exercise routines to tone the body. It discusses the benefits of frequent bursts of intense physical activity which include the enhanced ability of the body to control blood sugar and lower blood pressure as well as to burn more calories. One routine given is...

  • Resistance exercise with different volumes: blood pressure response and forearm blood flow in the hypertensive elderly. de Freitas Brito, Aline; de Oliveira, Caio Victor Coutinho; Brasileiro-Santos, Maria do Socorro; Cruz Santos, Amilton da // Clinical Interventions in Aging;2014, Vol. 9, p2151 

    Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of two sessions of resistance exercise with different volumes on post-exercise hypotension, forearm blood flow, and forearm vascular resistance in hypertensive elderly subjects. Methods: The study was conducted with ten...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics