Sexual practices among unmarried adolescents in Tanzania

Kazaura, Method R.; Masatu, Melkiory C.
January 2009
BMC Public Health;2009, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p373
Academic Journal
Background: Sexual activities are increasingly changing from the cultural point of view what they used to be. Knowledge of these practices among adolescents may be a basis to create awareness among adolescents on practices that involve risks. This study aims to assess sexual practices among unmarried adolescents in Tanzania. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among in-school and out-of-school but unmarried adolescents aged 10 to 19 in five locations in Tanzania. A questionnaire was used to collect information and to characterize sexual practices among these adolescents. Results: About 32% of adolescents reported being sexually active; a higher proportion being males than females. The only inquired and reported sexual practices include vaginal sex, masturbation, oral and anal sex. About 15% of sexually active adolescents reported having multiple sexual partners. Significantly more males reported having multiple partners than females. Nearly 42% of sexually active adolescents reported having used a condom during most recent sexual act. Females reported older partners at first sexual act. Conclusion: Adolescents experience several sexual practices that include penetrative and nonpenetrative. More males reported being sexually active than females. Despite adolescents reporting having multiple sexual partners, reported condom use during the most recent sexual act was low. We advocate for a more enhanced approach of reproductive health education that includes safer sex to adolescents without forgetting those in-schools.


Related Articles

  • Abstinence and Birth Control Among Rural Adolescents in Impoverished Families: A Test of Theoretical Discriminators. Benda, Brent B.; Corwyn, Robert Flynn // Child & Adolescent Social Work Journal;Jun99, Vol. 16 Issue 3, p191 

    This was a study of 357 adolescents who resided with AFDC families in ten rural counties in Arkansas. The study examined predictors of birth control from sociodemographic variables, control, strain and differential association theories. This was the first theoretically-based investigation of...

  • Abstinence perceived by teens as step toward sex.  // Contemporary Pediatrics;Sep2008, Vol. 25 Issue 9, p30 

    The article discusses research being done on the attitude of U.S. teenagers towards abstinence and sex. It references a study published in the June 2008 issue of the journal "Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health." The study found that teenagers who had positive attitudes and intentions...

  • Adolescents and AIDS: A Survey of Knowledge, Attitudes and Beliefs about AIDS in San Francisco. DiClemente, Ralph J.; Zorn, Jim; Temoshok, Lydia // American Journal of Public Health;Dec1986, Vol. 76 Issue 12, p1443 

    Abstract: To assess adolecents knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about AIDS in San Francisco, data were obtained from 1,326 adolescents. There was marked variability in knowledge across informational items, particularly about the precautionary measures to be taken during sexual intercourse which...

  • Abstinence-only programs fall short of education goals.  // Nation's Health;Dec2004/Jan2005, Vol. 34 Issue 10, p23 

    This article presents the findings of a review conducted by the U.S. Sexuality Information and Education Council regarding the abstinence-only programs in the U.S. as of December 2004. Federally-funded abstinence-only education is often misleading and inaccurate. The review looked at six popular...

  • Youth Assets and Sexual Activity: Differences Based on Race/Ethnicity. Tolma, Eleni L.; Vesely, Sara K.; Oman, Roy F.; Aspy, Cheryl B.; Beebe, Laura; Rodine, Sharon; Marshall, LaDonna; Fluhr, Janene // Health Educator;Fall2008, Vol. 40 Issue 2, p59 

    Race/ethnicity has been associated with the prevalence of sexual activity among youth as well as with youth assets. Research has also shown that youth assets are associated with youth abstinence. However, very few studies have examined whether the relationship between youth assets and sexual...

  • NOT READY FOR SEX: An Endorsement for Adolescent Sexual Abstinence. Abbott, Douglas A.; White, Joseph M.; Felix, Daniel S. // International Journal of Sociology of the Family;Autumn2010, Vol. 36 Issue 2, p159 

    The majority of teenagers have or will have engaged in sexual intercourse and/or oral sex prior to graduation from high school. Such behavior may result in adverse physical and psychological consequences. Yet, some experts in adolescent development are proposing that premarital sex by unmarried...

  • Effects of a Parent-Child Communications Intervention on Young Adolescents' Risk for Early Onset of Sexual Intercourse. Blake, Susan M.; Simkin, Linda; Ledsky, Rebecca; Perkins, Cheryl; Calabrese, Joseph M. // Family Planning Perspectives;Mar/Apr2001, Vol. 33 Issue 2, p52 

    Context: The quality of parent-child communications about sex and sexuality appears to be a strong determinant of adolescents' sexual behavior. Evaluations of interventions aimed at improving such communications can help identify strategies for preventing early onset of sexual behavior. ...

  • Study Finds Abstinence Program Effective. Zehr, Mary Ann // Education Week;2/10/2010, Vol. 29 Issue 21, p9 

    The article discusses positive results for an abstinence-only sex education program. It notes that unlike previous abstinence programs, the program is not moralistic and does not define abstinence as chastity until marriage. It sends the message that the longer a teen waits until engaging in...

  • Seasonal variations in sexual activity and their implications for sexual health promotion. Welllings, K.; Macdowall, W.; Catchpole, M.; Goodrich, J. // Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine;Feb1999, Vol. 92 Issue 2, p60 

    Although seasonal variations in births are observed in all human populations, the links between calendar events and sexual activity have received little attention in relation to health promotion and service provision. We have plotted various relevant data—routinely collected data for...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics