TITLE

A randomized controlled multicenter trial of post-suicide attempt case management for the prevention of further attempts in Japan (ACTION-J)

AUTHOR(S)
Hirayasu, Yoshio; Kawanishi, Chiaki; Yonemoto, Naohiro; Ishizuka, Naoki; Okubo, Yoshiro; Sakai, Akio; Kishimoto, Toshifumi; Miyaoka, Hitoshi; Otsuka, Kotaro; Kamijo, Yoshito; Matsuoka, Yutaka; Aruga, Toru
PUB. DATE
January 2009
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2009, Vol. 9, p364
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: A previous suicide attempt is a potent risk factor for suicide later on. Crisis intervention, psychiatric and psychosocial evaluation at emergency medical facilities, and follow-up care for suicide attempters are considered important components for suicide prevention. The Japanese Multimodal Intervention Trials for Suicide Prevention (J-MISP) includes a randomized, controlled, multicenter trial of post-suicide attempt case management for the prevention of further attempts (ACTION-J) to address the continuing increase in suicides in Japan. The primary aim of ACTION-J is to examine the effectiveness of an extensive intervention for suicide attempters in prevention of recurrent suicidal behavior, as compared with standard intervention. This paper describes the rationale and protocol of the ACTION-J trial. Methods/Design: In this clinical trial, case management intervention will be provided at 19 emergency medical facilities in Japan. After crisis intervention including psychiatric evaluation, psychosocial assessment, and psychological education, subjects will be randomly assigned to either a group receiving continuous case management or a control group receiving standard care. Suicidal ideation, depressive symptoms, and general health condition will be evaluated as secondary measures. The intervention was initiated in July 2006. By December, 2009, 842 subjects will be randomized. Subject follow-up will continue for 1.5 to 5 years. Discussion: Suicide is a complex phenomenon that encompasses multiple factors. Case management by multi-sector collaboration is needed. ACTION-J may provide valuable information on suicide attempters and may develop effective case management to reduce future risk for suicide attempters. Trial registration: UMIN Clinical Trials Registry number, UMIN000000444. ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00736918.
ACCESSION #
45197516

 

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