Correlates of quality of life of pre-obese and obese patients: a pharmacy-based cross-sectional survey

Laforest, Laurent; Van Ganse, Eric; Ritleng, Cécile; Desamericq, Gaelle; Letrilliart, Laurent; Moreau, Alain; Rosen, Sarah; Mechin, Hubert; Chamba, Genevieve
January 2009
BMC Public Health;2009, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p337
Academic Journal
Background: The correlates of quality of life (QOL), as measured by the OSQOL questionnaire were investigated in a convenience sample of overweight patients recruited in pharmacies. Methods: A convenience sample of patients with a Body Mass Index ≥ 28 kg/m² were recruited in community-based pharmacies. Baseline characteristics and QOL dimensions (1-Physical state, 2- Vitality-desire to do things, 3-Relations with others, 4-Psychological state) were reported in self-completed questionnaires from which the risk of obtaining a low QOL was assessed for each dimension. Results: QOL was inadequate for all dimensions in the 494 patients included in the study (median age = 61, 48% women, 21% professional persons/top executives). Older pre-obese and obese patients were more likely to report impaired physical functioning (OR = 2.02, 95%CI = [1.10-3.70]), but were less severely affected socially (OR = 0.32, 95%CI = [0.15-0.69]). Pre-obese and obese professional persons and top executives showed better physical capabilities (OR = 0.35, 95%CI = [0.15-0.81]) and increased vitality (OR = 0.47, 95%CI = [0.23-0.95]). Overall, men's psychological state was better than females' (OR = 0.46, 95%CI = [0.25-0.82]). A body-mass index ≥ 35 kg/m² was significantly associated with poorer QOL scores on physical, relational and psychological dimensions. Conclusion: Our data highlighted the influence of the severity of excess weight, gender, age and socioeconomic status on QOL. These factors should be taken into account when interpreting QOL in pre-obese and obese persons.


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