TITLE

The Influence of Speaking Rate on Nasality in the Speech of Hearing-Impaired Individuals

AUTHOR(S)
Dwyer, Claire H.; Robb, Michael P.; O'Beirne, Greg A.; Gilbert, Harvey R.
PUB. DATE
October 2009
SOURCE
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2009, Vol. 52 Issue 5, p1321
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine whether deliberate increases in speaking rate would serve to decrease the amount of nasality in the speech of severely hearing-impaired individuals. Method: The participants were 11 severely to profoundly hearing-impaired students, ranging in age from 12 to 19 years (M = 16 years). Each participant provided a baseline speech sample (R1) followed by 3 training sessions during which participants were trained to increase their speaking rate. Following the training sessions, a second speech sample was obtained (R2). Acoustic and perceptual analyses of the speech samples obtained at R1 and R2 were undertaken. The acoustic analysis focused on changes in first (F1) and second (F2) formant frequency and formant bandwidths. The perceptual analysis involved listener ratings of the speech samples (at R1 and R2) for perceived nasality. Results: Findings indicated a significant increase in speaking rate at R2. In addition, significantly narrower F2 bandwidth and lower perceptual rating scores of nasality were obtained at R2 across all participants, suggesting a decrease in nasality as speaking rate increases. Conclusion: The nasality demonstrated by hearing-impaired individuals is amenable to change when speaking rate is increased. The influences of speaking rate changes on the perception and production of nasality in hearing-impaired individuals are discussed.
ACCESSION #
45108150

 

Related Articles

  • Nasal coarticulation in normal speakers: A re-examination... Zajac, David J.; Mayo, Robert; Kataoka, Ryuta // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Jun1998, Vol. 41 Issue 3, p503 

    Presents a study that re-examined the influence of gender on nasal coarticulation in normal speakers. Methodology of the study; Results of the study.

  • Accuracy of Consonant-Vowel Syllables in Young Cochlear Implant Recipients and Hearing Children in the Single-Word Period. Warner-Czyz, Andrea D.; Davis, Barbara L.; MacNeilage, Peter F. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Feb2010, Vol. 53 Issue 1, p2 

    Purpose: Attaining speech accuracy requires that children perceive and attach meanings to vocal output on the basis of production system capacities. Because auditory perception underlies speech accuracy, profiles for children with hearing loss (HL) differ from those of children with normal...

  • A Series of Case Studies of Tinnitus Suppression With Mixed Background Stimuli in a Cochlear Implant. Tyler, Richard S.; Keiner, A. J.; Walker, Kurt; Deshpande, Aniruddha K.; Witt, Shelley; Killian, Matthijs; Ji, Helena; Patrick, Jim; Dillier, Norbert; Dijk, Pim van; Wai Kong Lai; Hansen, Marlan R.; Gantz, Bruce // American Journal of Audiology;Sep2015, Vol. 24 Issue 3, p398 

    Purpose: Background sounds provided by a wearable sound playback device were mixed with the acoustical input picked up by a cochlear implant speech processor in an attempt to suppress tinnitus. Method: First, patients were allowed to listen to several sounds and to select up to 4 sounds that...

  • Detection and Recognition of Stop Consonants by Normal-Hearing and Hearing-Impaired Listeners. Turner, Christopher W.; Fabry, David A.; Barrett, Stephanie; Horwitz, Amy R. // Journal of Speech & Hearing Research;Aug92, Vol. 35 Issue 4, p942 

    Presents a study which examined the possibility that hearing-impaired listeners require a larger signal-to-noise ratio for the detection of speech sounds. Method; Results and discussion.

  • EFFECTS OF VOICED-VOICELESS DISCRIMINATION TRAINING UPON ARTICULATION OF HEARING-IMPAIRED CHILDREN. Bennett, Clinton W.; Ling, Daniel // Language & Speech;Jul-Sep77, Vol. 20 Issue 3, p287 

    Investigates the effects of auditory discrimination training of the voiced-voiceless upon articulation of hearing-impaired children. Improvement of the voiced-voiceless distinction; Changes in the perceptual strategies of children; Ability of the subjects to produce stop consonants.

  • Differences in Perception of Musical Stimuli among Acoustic, Electric, and Combined Modality Listeners. Prentiss, Sandra M.; Friedland, David R.; Nash, John J.; Runge, Christina L. // Journal of the American Academy of Audiology;May2015, Vol. 26 Issue 5, p494 

    Background: Cochlear implants have shown vast improvements in speech understanding for those with severe to profound hearing loss; however, music perception remains a challenge for electric hearing. It is unclear whether the difficulties arise from limitations of sound processing, the nature of...

  • Auditory Learning Using a Portable Real-Time Vocoder: Preliminary Findings. Casserly, Elizabeth D.; Pisoni, David B. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Jun2015, Vol. 58 Issue 3, p1001 

    Purpose: Although traditional study of auditory training has been in controlled laboratory settings, interest has been increasing in more interactive options. The authors examine whether such interactive training can result in short-term perceptual learning, and the range of perceptual skills it...

  • A Short Tutorial on Sound Level and Loudness for Voice. Titze, Ingo R. // Journal of Singing;Nov/Dec2013, Vol. 70 Issue 2, p191 

    In this article the author focuses on sound pressure level (SPL) that measure vocal loudness. He states the inverse-square law to explain change in sound level with distance from the source. He further mentions that human auditory system perceives sound intensity in terms of loudness and the...

  • The Effects of Speech Production and Vocabulary Training on Different Components of Spoken Language Performance. Paatsch, Louise E.; Blarney, Peter J.; Sarant, Julia Z.; Bow, Catherine P. // Journal of Deaf Studies & Deaf Education;Winter2006, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p39 

    A group of 21 hard-of-hearing and deaf children attending primary school were trained by their teachers on the production of selected consonants and on the meanings of selected words. Speech production, vocabulary knowledge, reading aloud, and speech perception measures were obtained before and...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics