Foot Orthotic Devices Decrease Transverse Plane Motion During Landing From a Forward Vertical Jump in Healthy Females

Jenkins, Walter L.; Williams, Dorsey Shelton; Durland, Alex; Adams, Brandon; O’Brien, Kevin
November 2009
Journal of Applied Biomechanics;Nov2009, Vol. 25 Issue 4, p387
Academic Journal
The use of foot orthoses has been evaluated during a variety of functional activities. Twelve college-aged active females wore two types of foot orthoses and performed a vertical jump to determine the biomechanical effect of the orthoses on lower extremity transverse plane movement during landing. Data collection included three-dimensional analysis of the tibia, knee, and hip. A repeated-measures ANOVA was performed to determine the differences between no orthoses, over-the-counter, and custom-made orthoses with transverse plane motion. At the hip joint, there was significantly less internal rotation (p < .05) in the over-the-counter condition as compared with the no orthoses condition. There was significantly less tibial internal rotation (p < .05) in the custom-made condition as compared with no orthoses. Over-the-counter devices decreased transverse plane motion at the hip, whereas custom-made devices decreased transverse plane motion of the tibia.


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