Analyses of Elite Swimming Performances and Their Respective Between-Gender Differences over Time

Michael Johnson; William Edmonds; Sachin Jain; Javier Cavazos Jr.
October 2009
Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports;Oct2009, Vol. 5 Issue 4, p1186
Academic Journal
The current study analyzed historical performance data in order to contribute to the understanding of the development of elite athletes. Data for elite adult and youth swimmers from 1962 to 2007 were employed to identify changes in American swimming records and in the performances of elite American youth swimmers. Over this period, 11 of the 12 men's and women's American records analyzed are improving at an ever slowing rate. This trend parallels the resultant analyses herein from elite youth swimmers, suggesting a possible limit to reaching elite athletic performance. Unique gender differences by event for both elite adult and youth swimmers were also revealed. Results imply that genotype plays a role in elite athletic performance. Additionally, possible reasons and ramifications of these findings are proffered.


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