Treatment modalities for hypersplenism in liver transplant recipients with recurrent hepatitis C

Sibulesky, Lena; Nguyen, Justin H.; Paz-Fumagalli, Ricardo; Taner, C. Burcin; Dickson, Rolland C.; Kwo, Paul Y.
October 2009
World Journal of Gastroenterology;10/28/2009, Vol. 15 Issue 40, p5010
Academic Journal
Hepatitis C is the most common indication for orthotopic liver transplantation in the United States. Unfortunately, hepatitis C recurs universally in the transplanted liver and is the major cause of decreased graft and patient survival. The combination therapy of interferon and ribavirin has been shown to be the most effective therapy for recurrent hepatitis C. However, pre- and post-transplant hypersplenism often precludes patients from receiving the antiviral therapy. Splenectomy and partial splenic embolization are the two invasive modalities that can correct the cytopenia associated with hypersplenism. In this report we review the two treatment options, their associated outcomes and complications.


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