Analysis of autophosphorylation sites in the recombinant catalytic subunit alpha of cAMP-dependent kinase by nano-UPLC—ESI—MS/MS

Seidler, Joerg; Adal, Melaku; Kübler, Dieter; Bossemeyer, Dirk; Lehmann, Wolf D.
November 2009
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Nov2009, Vol. 395 Issue 6, p1713
Academic Journal
The catalytic subunit of recombinant wild-type cyclic adenosine monophosphate-dependent protein kinase A (PKA) has been analyzed by a combination of 1D gel electrophoresis, in-gel digestion by trypsin, chymotrypsin, or endoproteinase AspN, and nano-ultraperformance liquid chromatography–MS/MS. The MS/MS spectra were annotated by MASCOT and the annotations were manually controlled. Using Ga(III)-immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography (IMAC), in addition to the four established autophosphorylation sites of the catalytic subunit of recombinant PKA, pSer10, pSer139, pThr197, and pSer338, six new phosphorylated residues have been characterized–pSer14, pThr48, pSer53, pSer212, pSer259, and pSer325. The established phosphorylation sites all are part of a PKA consensus motif and were found to be almost completely modified. In contrast, the newly detected sites were only partially phosphorylated. For estimation of their degree of phosphorylation, a method based on signal intensity measurements was used. For this purpose, signal intensities of all phospho- and non-phosphopeptides containing a particular site were added for estimation of site-specific phosphorylation degrees. This addition was performed over all peptides observed in the different digestion experiments, including their different charge states. pThr48 and pSer259 are located within PKA consensus motifs and were observed to be phosphorylated at 20% and 24%, respectively. pSer14 and pSer53 are located within inverted PKA consensus motifs and were found to be phosphorylated around 10% and 15%, respectively. The sequence environments of pSer212 and pSer325 have no similarity to the PKA consensus motif at all and were observed to be phosphorylated at about 5% or lower. All newly observed phosphorylation sites are located at the surface of the native protein structure of the PKA catalytic subunit. The results add new information on the theme of site-specific (auto)phosphorylation by PKA. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]


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