Apparatus and method for investigation of energy consumption of microwave assisted drying systems

Göllei, Attila; Vass, András; Magyar, Attila; Pallai, Elisabeth
October 2009
Review of Scientific Instruments;Oct2009, Vol. 80 Issue 10, p104706
Academic Journal
Convective, hot air drying by itself is relatively efficient for removing water from the surface environment of agricultural seed products. However, moving internal moisture to the surface needs rather a long time, as a rule. The major research aim of the authors was to decrease the processing time and processing costs, to improve the quality of the dried product, and to increase drying efficiency. For this reason their research activities focused on the development of a special drying apparatus and a method suitable for measuring of energy conditions in a hybrid (microwave and convective) dryer. Experimental investigations were made with moistened wheat as model material. Experiments were carried out in microwave, convective and hybrid drying systems. The microwave drying alone was more efficient than the convective method. The lowest energy consumption and shortest drying time were obtained by the use of a hybrid method in which the waste energy of magnetron was utilized and the temperature was controlled. In this way, it was possible to keep the temperature of the dried product at a constant and safe value and to considerably decrease the energy consumption.


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