Introduction and Transmission of 2009 Pandemic Influenza A (H1N1) Virus - Kenya, June-July 2009

Tabu, C.; Sharif, S.; Okoth, P.; Kioko, J.; Nzioka, C.; Muthoka, P.; Ope, M.; Makama, S.; Kalani, R.; Ochieng, W.; Simwa, J.; Schnabel, D.; Bulimo, W.; Achilla, R.; Onsongo, J.; Njenga, K.; Breiman, R.; Kearney, A.; Sick, A.; Harris, R.
October 2009
MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report;10/23/2009, Vol. 58 Issue 41, p1143
The article describes the introduction and transmission of pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus in Kenya. A group of medical students flew to Nairobi and one of them developed headache and chills. Infection with H1N1 was confirmed on June 29, 2009. Twenty three other students developed subjective fever or upper respirator symptoms following symptom onset in the index patient. On June 26, 2009, a group of public health students flew to Nairobi to work on malaria-related projects. There was 33% secondary attack rate for confirmed pandemic H1N1 in the group.


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