Adaptable Intelligent Robotic Wheelchair for Severely Disabled People

Elarbi-Boudihir, M.; Al-Shalfan, Khalid A.
August 2009
Journal of Digital Information Management;Aug2009, Vol. 7 Issue 4, p252
Academic Journal
This paper describes the development of a smart wheelchair for severely disabled people. This wheelchair is used as a prototype for integrating advanced techniques in robotics and artificial intelligence to adapt most severe disabilities. The objective is to integrate various ways of controlling an electrically powered wheelchair beyond the usual method involving a manual joystick. The main focus is on the hands-free wheelchair control system allowing persons with severe disabilities to reliably navigate a power wheelchair without the need to use the hands. According to his type of disability, the user may choose a driving control mode among voice control, face movements control, and automatic navigation by using the touch screen as input. The working prototype of the system, which has been realized as a stand-alone system, is introduced in detail, together with a closer look at the different driving control modes. Finally, the advantages of the system are discussed on the basis of a rather simple real-life experiment.


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