Variable liquid crystal pretilt angles generated by photoalignment in homeotropically aligned azo dye-doped liquid crystals

Andy Ying-Guey Fuh; Cheng-Kai Liu; Ko-Ting Cheng; Chi-Lung Ting; Che-Chang Chen; Paul Chang-Po Chao; Hsu-Kuan Hsu
October 2009
Applied Physics Letters;10/19/2009, Vol. 95 Issue 16, p161104
Academic Journal
This letter demonstrates the feasibility of producing variable liquid crystal (LC) pretilt angles using light-induced ripple structures (LIRSs) in homeotropically aligned azo dye-doped liquid crystals (ADDLCs). Illuminating homeotropically aligned ADDLCs with a linearly polarized light for a suitable period yields the LIRSs which provide LCs an anisotropic homogeneous anchoring force. Experimentally, the effective alignment force produced by the homeotropic alignment layer and the LIRSs determines the LC pretilt angle (24° to 63.5°), defined from the normal to the substrate. A no-bias pi cell for liquid crystal displays is demonstrated using this approach.


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