Enhancement of thermoelectric efficiency in oxygen-deficient Sr1-xLaxTiO3-δ ceramics

Liu, J.; Wang, C. L.; Su, W. B.; Wang, H. C.; Zheng, P.; Li, J. C.; Zhang, J. L.; Mei, L. M.
October 2009
Applied Physics Letters;10/19/2009, Vol. 95 Issue 16, p162110
Academic Journal
We report that the Seebeck coefficient (S) is remarkably enhanced in oxygen-deficient Sr1-xLaxTiO3-δ ceramics. The S values of all oxygen-deficient samples are larger than those of the near-stoichiometric ones and are temperature-independent at high temperatures, showing a narrow band behavior. This indicates that the introduction of oxygen vacancy changes the density of electronic states around the Fermi energy. The maximum for the figure of merit (ZT) of Sr0.9La0.1TiO3-δ ceramic reaches 0.21 at about 750 K, demonstrating enhancement by a factor of more than 1.3 over that of the near-stoichiometric materials.


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