TITLE

DEAR1, a transcriptional repressor of DREB protein that mediates plant defense and freezing stress responses in Arabidopsis

AUTHOR(S)
Tsutsui, Tomokazu; Kato, Wataru; Asada, Yutaka; Sako, Kaori; Sato, Takeo; Sonoda, Yutaka; Kidokoro, Satoshi; Yamaguchi-Shinozaki, Kazuko; Tamaoki, Masanori; Arakawa, Keita; Ichikawa, Takanari; Nakazawa, Miki; Seki, Motoaki; Shinozaki, Kazuo; Matsui, Minami; Ikeda, Akira; Yamaguchi, Junji
PUB. DATE
November 2009
SOURCE
Journal of Plant Research;Nov2009, Vol. 122 Issue 6, p633
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Plants have evolved intricate mechanisms to respond and adapt to a wide variety of biotic and abiotic stresses in their environment. The Arabidopsis DEAR1 (DREB and EAR motif protein 1; At3g50260) gene encodes a protein containing significant homology to the DREB1/CBF (dehydration-responsive element binding protein 1/C-repeat binding factor) domain and the EAR (ethylene response factor-associated amphiphilic repression) motif. We show here that DEAR1 mRNA accumulates in response to both pathogen infection and cold treatment. Transgenic Arabidopsis overexpressing DEAR1 (DEAR1ox) showed a dwarf phenotype and lesion-like cell death, together with constitutive expression of PR genes and accumulation of salicylic acid. DEAR1ox also showed more limited P. syringae pathogen growth compared to wild-type, consistent with an activated defense phenotype. In addition, transient expression experiments revealed that the DEAR1 protein represses DRE/CRT (dehydration-responsive element/C-repeat)-dependent transcription, which is regulated by low temperature. Furthermore, the induction of DREB1/CBF family genes by cold treatment was suppressed in DEAR1ox, leading to a reduction in freezing tolerance. These results suggest that DEAR1 has an upstream regulatory role in mediating crosstalk between signaling pathways for biotic and abiotic stress responses.
ACCESSION #
44820317

 

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