Socio-economic Determinants of Infant and Child Mortality in Haiti

Gordon, Ronald M.
March 2009
Journal of Eastern Caribbean Studies;Mar2009, Vol. 34 Issue 1, p1
Academic Journal
The socio-economic determinants of infant and child mortality in Haiti were identified as maternal education, age, residence and income, by a logistic regression analysis of Haiti's Demographic Health and Survey data for 2000. Incremental increase in education, by itself, was statistically significant in reducing the likelihood of the incidence of childhood mortality by 20.8%. With the inclusion of residence and controlling for age, an incremental increase in education results in an 18.6% decrease in the probability of childhood mortality, while incremental increase in age leads to a 15.5% increase in childhood mortality. Possession of a composite of consumer items, durables and utilities. access was used as a proxy for income. This proxy income variable indicated that an incremental increase in income could reduce childhood mortality by 29.9%.


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