Neighbourhood socioeconomic status and maternal factors at birth as moderators of the association between birth characteristics and school attainment: a population study of children attending government schools in Western Australia

Malacova, E.; Li, J.; Blair, E.; Mattes, E.; de Klerk, N.; Stanley, F.
October 2009
Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health;Oct2009, Vol. 63 Issue 10, p17
Academic Journal
Background: This article investigates whether reading and writing skills among children of equivalent perinatal characteristics differ by neighbourhood socioeconomic status and maternal factors. Methods: Notifications of births for all non-Aboriginal singletons born in 1990-7 in Western Australia subsequently attending government primary schools were linked to the State literacy tests in grade three and with information on socioeconomic status of the school and the residential area. Using multilevel modelling, the associations between birth characteristics (gestational age, intrauterine growth, birth order and Apgar score at 5 minutes) and literacy attainment in grade three were examined in models that included socioeconomic and demographic factors of the child, mother and community. Results: Higher percentages of optimal head circumference and birth length and term birth were positively and independently associated with literacy scores. A higher percentage of optimal birth weight was associated with higher reading scores especially for children born to mothers residing in educationally advantaged areas. First birth was positively associated with reading and writing attainment: this association was stronger for children born to single mothers and additional advantage in writing was also associated with first birth in children living in disadvantaged areas. Conclusions: These findings suggest that having suboptimal growth in utero or an older sibling at birth increases vulnerability to poor literacy attainment especially among children born to single mothers or those in disadvantaged neighbourhoods. These data provide evidence for advocating lifestyles compatible with optimum fetal growth and socioeconomic conditions conducive to healthy lifestyles, particularly during pregnancy.


Related Articles

  • Hochschulen: Immer mehr Arbeiter-Kinder studieren.  // Zeitschrift für Sozialreform;dez1975, Vol. 21 Issue 12, p765 

    The article reports that there has been an increase in students from working class families attending West German universities. Statistics are presented that support this claim and issues pertaining to social structure and education are discussed. The role of parent education in the educational...

  • The Component Reading and Writing Skills of At-Risk Undergraduates With Writing Difficulties. Harrison, Gina L. // Learning Disabilities -- A Contemporary Journal;Sep2009, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p59 

    The article presents a study which examined the cognitive, world-level reading, spelling and writing skills of academically at-risk undergraduate students with writing difficulties. Results showed that at-risk students were slower and less accurate on the aspects of word-level reading, spelling,...

  • Teaching and assessment of persuasive writing: Juggling the language features and grasping the metalanguage. O'NEILL, SHIRLEY // International Journal of Pedagogies & Learning;Oct2012, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p84 

    Being able to write persuasively has always been important. This skill is central to a range of genres such as comparative analysis, editorial or discussion. It is argued to be the written genre that students will meet most frequently as they progress through their schooling (NAPLAN, 2010) and...

  • Online Diagnostic Assessment: Potential and Limitations (The case of DIALANG in the Greek Junior High School Context). Baglantzi, Vassiliki // Research Papers in Language Teaching & Learning;Feb2012, Vol. 3 Issue 1, p293 

    This study explored the potential of DIALANG to serve placement purposes in the 1st grade of Greek state junior high school. The DIALANG system of language assessment is an application of the Common European Framework of Reference (Council of Europe, 2001), which assesses the user's level in...

  • Refining Language Assessment.  // BizEd;Mar/Apr2011, Vol. 10 Issue 2, p61 

    The article describes the Pearson Test of English (PTE) Academic offered by the Pearson Education International which assesses the business student's proficiency in English language in Great Britain. It states that the PTE Academic has been endorsed by the Graduate Management Admission Council...

  • LITERACY INSTRUCTION:. Ash, Katie // Education Week;6/20/2007, Vol. 26 Issue 42, p17 

    The article presents information on a report that says that students must exceed standard reading levels to be able to compete in a global economy. The report suggests that writing assignments in all subject areas will help to increase literacy rates for middle and high school students. It is...

  • A comparative study of educational inequality in the risk of stillbirth in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden 1981-2000. Rom, Ane L.; Mortensen, Laust H.; Cnattingius, Sven; Arntzen, Annett; Gissler, Mika; Andersen, Anne-Marie Nybo // Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health;Mar2012, Vol. 66 Issue 3, p240 

    Background The stillbirth rates in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden are among the lowest in the world, but socioeconomic disparities in stillbirth still exist. This study examined the educational patterns in the risk of stillbirth in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden from 1981 to 2000....

  • Socioeconomic Factors and Vitamin A Status of Pregnant Women in Calabar Urban, Southeastern Nigeria. Williams, Ima; Essien, Essien; Eka, Offiong // Maternal & Child Health Journal;Oct2011, Vol. 15 Issue 7, p943 

    Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is prevalent in developing countries. Socioeconomic status is increasingly being associated with nutritional status of individuals. Efforts to control or eliminate VAD must focus on socioeconomic factors and how to tackle them in the midst of other well recognized...

  • Increasing educational inequality in preterm birth in Québec, Canada, 1981-2006. Auger, Nathalie; Roncarolo, Federico; Harper, Sam // Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health;Dec2011, Vol. 65 Issue 12, p1091 

    Background Few studies have evaluated the relationship between preterm birth (PTB) and maternal education over time. We sought to determine whether educational inequalities in PTB have increased in Québec, Canada. Methods The authors analysed 2 124 909 singleton live births from 1981 to 2006,...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics