TITLE

Primary focal dystonia: evidence for distinct neuropsychiatric and personality profiles

AUTHOR(S)
Lencer, R.; Steinlechner, S.; Stahlberg, J.; Rehling, H.; Orth, M.; Baeumer, T.; Rumpf, H.-J.; Meyer, C.; Klein, C.; Muenchau, A.; Hagenah, J.
PUB. DATE
October 2009
SOURCE
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry;Oct2009, Vol. 80 Issue 10, p33
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Primary focal dystonia (PFD) is characterised by motor symptoms. Frequent co-occurrence of abnormal mental conditions has been mentioned for decades but is less well defined. In this study, prevalence rates of psychiatric disorders, personality disorders and traits in a large cohort of patients with PFD were evaluated. Methods: Prevalence rates of clinical psychiatric diagnoses in 86 PFD patients were compared with a population based sample (n = 3943) using a multiple regression approach. Furthermore, participants were evaluated for personality traits with the 5 Factor Personality Inventory. Results: Lifetime prevalence for any psychiatric or personality disorder was 70.9%. More specifically, axis I disorders occurred at a 4.5-fold increased chance. Highest odds ratios were found for social phobia (OR 21.6), agoraphobia (OR 16.7) and panic disorder (OR 11.5). Furthermore, an increased prevalence rate of 32.6% for anxious personality disorders comprising obsessive-compulsive (22.1%) and avoidant personality disorders (16.3%) were found. Except for social phobia, psychiatric disorders manifested prior to the occurrence of dystonia symptoms. In the self-rating of personality traits, PFD patients demonstrated pronounced agreeableness, conscientiousness and reduced openness. Conclusions: Patients with PFD show distinct neuropsychiatric and personality profiles of the anxiety spectrum. PFD should therefore be viewed as a neuropsychiatric disorder rather than a pure movement disorder.
ACCESSION #
44721118

 

Related Articles

  • MAJOR DEPRESSION IN A LARGE FAMILY IN PAKISTAN: NO RELATIONSHIP TO INBREEDING, ECONOMIC STATUS OR RURAL LIVING. Ayub, Muhammad; Irfan, Muhammad; Naeem, Farooq; Blackwood, Douglas // Journal of Pakistan Psychiatric Society;2012, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p37 

    Objective: To describe the relationships between depression and gender, socio-economic status, education, urban or rural living and coefficient of inbreeding in a well defined relatively homogeneous population. Design: Descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: King Edward Medical College,...

  • Clinical and Socio-demographic Profile of Women with Post-partum Psychiatric Conditions at a Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital in Southeast Nigeria between 2009 and 2011. Ndukuba, A. C.; Odinka, P. C.; Muomah, R. C.; Nwoha, S. O. // Annals of Medical & Health Sciences Research;May2015, Vol. 5 Issue 3, p168 

    Background: Pregnancy and labor in areas with high maternal morbidities as in Nigeria could be sufficiently stressful to precipitate mental disorders in women after delivery, which may be a new or a relapse of previously existing one, or an exacerbation of an attenuated mental illness in the...

  • Chicago Mother Leads Crusade To Save Women From The 'Monster' That Killed Her Daughter. Walker, Nicole // Jet;10/28/2002, Vol. 102 Issue 19, p52 

    Profiles Carol Blocker, who is trying to raise awareness about postpartum mental illness after her daughter committed suicide due to postpartum psychosis. Depression which is suffered by many mothers after giving birth.

  • Early postpartum discharge with nurse visitation. Apgar, Barbara // American Family Physician;6/1/1997, Vol. 55 Issue 8, p2832 

    Presents a summary of the work `A Randomized Trial of a Program of Early Postpartum Discharge With Nurse Visitation,' by A.J. Gagnon, et al from the `American Journal of Obstetric Gynecology' dated 1997. Scope of the study; Comparison of early discharge program with `standard' postpartum care;...

  • Ventricular abnormality in patients with postpartum psychoses. Lanczik, M.; Fritze, J.; Hofmann, E.; Schulz, C.; Knoche, M.; Becker, T. // Archives of Women's Mental Health;1998, Vol. 1 Issue 1, p45 

    Ventricular and cisternal CSF spaces were quantified in 14 women 12 of whom had cycloid psychoses with postpartum onset. When compared to age-matched female patients with cycloid psychoses or bipolar affective disorders outside the puerperium and neurological controls left ventricular area,...

  • Postpartum mental disorders. Bright, Douglas A. // American Family Physician;9/1/1994, Vol. 50 Issue 3, p595 

    Describes three postpartum psychiatric syndromes. Postpartum blues; Postpartum depression; Postpartum psychosis.

  • losing it. Fields, Sarah R. // Mothering;May/Jun2007, Issue 142, p54 

    The article presents information about postpartum psychosis. INSETS: zinc, copper, and PPD;will this happen to me?.

  • postpartum mood disorders guide. Fields, Sarah R. // Mothering;May/Jun2007, Issue 142, p59 

    The article presents a discussion of postpartum psychosis, adapted from "Indiana Perinatal Mood Disorders Guide," by Indiana Perinatal Network and "Beyond the Blues: A Guide to Understanding and Treating Prenatal and Postpartum Depression," by Shoshana Bennett and Pec Indman.

  • Baby sings THE BLUES. Kellahan, Kristie // Australian Parents;Jun/Jul2000, Issue 116, p50 

    Provides information on postnatal depression and provides insights on how to deal with it.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics