A rapid lateral flow test for the determination of total type B fumonisins in maize

Molinelli, Alexandra; Grossalber, Karina; Krska, Rudolf
November 2009
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Nov2009, Vol. 395 Issue 5, p1309
Academic Journal
A one-step lateral flow test was developed for the quantitative determination of total type B fumonisins in maize with a test range up to 4,000 μg/kg and a limit of detection of 199 μg/kg. The test presented gives a result within 4 min, including 1 min strip drying, and does not require any sample cleanup steps after a previous 3-min sample extraction. Quantitative readout with a compact photometric strip reader will also indicate the best suited measurement range when needed. The test is based on a competitive immunoassay format where a ready-to-use antibody–colloidal gold particle complex is mixed with 50 μL sample extract in a microwell and used as a signal reagent. The test strip is inserted into the well and the mixed content migrates onto the strip, which contains a test zone and a control zone. Mycotoxin–protein conjugate coated on the test zone captures free signal reagent, and colored particles concentrate, forming a visible line. The intensity of the test line is dependent on the total fumonisin concentration in the sample. Naturally contaminated quality-control maize material was used for matrix-matched calibration of photometric readout. The test presented is both quantitative and rapid, with no cross-reactivity to other mycotoxins. The applicability of the lateral flow test was shown by the screening of 23 naturally contaminated maize samples. Relative standard deviations ranged from 1.7 to 32.9%.


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