TITLE

Fluorescence polarization immunoassay for rapid screening of ochratoxin A in red wine

AUTHOR(S)
Zezza, Francesco; Longobardi, Francesco; Pascale, Michelangelo; Eremin, Sergei A.; Visconti, Angelo
PUB. DATE
November 2009
SOURCE
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Nov2009, Vol. 395 Issue 5, p1317
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
A fluorescence polarization (FP) immunoassay, based on a monoclonal antibody and an ochratoxin A (OTA)-fluorescein tracer, has been developed for rapid screening of OTA in red wine. Wine samples were diluted with methanol and passed through aminopropyl solid-phase extraction columns prior to the FP assay. Average recoveries from samples spiked with OTA at levels of 2.0 and 5.0 ng/mL were 79% with RDS of 11% ( n = 6). The limit of detection of the FP immunoassay was 0.7 ng/mL OTA, and the whole analysis was performed in less than 10 min. The assay was tested on 154 red wine samples (naturally contaminated or spiked at level ranging from 0.1 to 5.0 ng/mL) and compared with an high-performance liquid chromatography/immunoaffinity column clean-up method, showing a good correlation ( r = 0.9222). Their compliance with the European regulation (2.0 ng/mL OTA maximum permitted level) was correctly assessed for 70% of the analyzed samples of red wine, whereas confirmatory analyses were required for the remaining ones with OTA levels close to the regulatory limit. No false-negative or positive results were observed using the FP immunoassay. The proposed FP assay is a useful screening method for OTA in red wines, when high throughput is required, that could also be used for white and rosé wines, which are known to contain less interfering compounds such as polyphenols.
ACCESSION #
44684550

 

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