TITLE

Treatment outcomes among pulmonary tuberculosis patients at treatment centers in Ibadan, Nigeria

AUTHOR(S)
Fatiregun, Akinola A.; Ojo, Abimbola S.; Bamgboye, Afolabi E.
PUB. DATE
June 2009
SOURCE
Annals of African Medicine;2009, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p100
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Objective: To assess treatment outcomes and determinants of outcome among tuberculosis patients. Design: A longitudinal study design involving a cohort of sputum smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis patients at initiation of therapy, who were followed up to the end of treatment at eighth month. Setting: Tuberculosis treatment centers in Ibadan, Nigeria Results: A total of 1,254 patients were followed up with a mean age of 35.0±3.3 years. The percentages of patients with treatment outcomes assessed in the study were as follows: cure (76.6%), failure (8.1%), default (6.6%), transferred out (4.8%), and death (1.9%). The cure rate varied significantly between treatment centers from 40 to 94.4% (P<0.05). The treatment centers located within the specialist health centers at Jericho and the University College Hospital had 50 and 75% cure rates, respectively. The mean age of cured patients was 31.2±3.1 years, which was significantly lower than the mean age of those with poor treatment outcomes (36.7±3.5 years; P<0.05). Males had a higher risk of a poor treatment outcome (RR=1.8; 95% CI: 1.02-1.94) than females. Also, patients with a poor knowledge of tuberculosis had a higher risk of having a poor treatment outcome (RR=1.35; 95% CI: 1.25-1.62) compared to those with a good knowledge. Conclusion: Variations in health center treatment outcomes and poor knowledge of tuberculosis among patients suggest that poor program implementation quality may be a major modifiable determinant of treatment outcomes in our environment.
ACCESSION #
44650933

 

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