Miernyk, William H.
October 1966
Industrial & Labor Relations Review;Oct66, Vol. 20 Issue 1, p30
Academic Journal
This article focuses on the British local employment acts of 1960 and 1963. The British Local Employment Acts are part of a legislative framework with two broad policy objectives. The first is that of achieving and maintaining national full employment. The second is the prevention of an excessive concentration of population in Great Britain's major metropolitan areas. The latter objective, which is consistent with a long tradition of town and country planning, is to be accomplished in part by controlling the location of industry. Since the end of World War II, Great Britain has followed a Keynesian employment policy of maintaining adequate aggregate demand. But this policy, which has resulted in one of the world's lowest national unemployment rates, has been steadily supplemented by a program designed to take jobs to workers in those regions where the unemployment rate is substantially above the national average. The article concludes with an evaluation of the British program, and a few remarks are ventured on the relevance of the British experience to regional unemployment problems and policies in the U.S.


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