Simkin, William E.
July 1968
Industrial & Labor Relations Review;Jul68, Vol. 21 Issue 4, p518
Academic Journal
The article focuses on the Taft-Hartley Act. It provides both quantitative and qualitative analyses of union membership rejections of tentative agreements reached by management and union leaders. The analysis is confined to the more difficult joint-meeting cases in which federal mediators participated during 1965-1967. On the basis of mediator questionnaire responses, the author discusses background causes of rejections, causes by type of issue, and causes originating in ratification procedure. There is a brief discussion of possible solutions to the memberships rejection problem. An independent mediation agency, the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service (FMCS) was set up. Congress gave the FMCS power only within the broad sphere of persuasion and did not attempt to define how persuasion was to be exercised. But there is one exception, in a section, obscured by the passage of time, the Act provides that if the director is not able to bring the parties to agreement by conciliation within a reasonable time, he shall seek to induce the panics voluntarily to seek other means of settling the dispute without resort to strike, lock-out, or other coercions.


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