The Full-Time Workweek in the United States, 1900-1970: Comment

Jones, Ethel B.
April 1980
Industrial & Labor Relations Review;Apr80, Vol. 33 Issue 3, p379
Academic Journal
The article presents a comment on a previous article that appeared in the April 1980 issue of the journal Industrial and Labor Relations review. Writer Thomas J. Kniesner's 1976 article in this journal is one of the current explanations for the stability of hours of work per week in the United States since World War II. His research emphasized the variables of education and women's wages in accounting for the stability. This comment re-examines his findings and introduces a revised series of the ratio of female to male wages over time. When the model is re-estimated, the coefficients of two key variables, the real wage of all manufacturing production workers and the real wage of women manufacturing workers, both change in magnitude and fail to exhibit the level of significance indicated by Kniesner. By adding education and the wage of women workers to the traditional time-series labor supply model, Kniesner appears to have solved the puzzle of the post-1940 stability of hours after the strong decline of the earlier part of the century.


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