TITLE

A COMPARISON OF MARGINAL PRODUCTIVITY AND EARNINGS BY OCCUPATION

AUTHOR(S)
Gottschalk, Peter T.
PUB. DATE
April 1978
SOURCE
Industrial & Labor Relations Review;Apr78, Vol. 31 Issue 3, p368
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Although the marginal productivity theory is central to much of neoclassical labor economics, it has received little empirical support from previous studies, perhaps because of the difficulty of disaggregating the labor variable. This paper estimates the marginal productivity of eight different occupations by estimating production models with cross-section data and comparing the estimated marginal products with factor payments. Two levels of conclusions are reached. First, one can conclude with confidence that this study does not yield evidence supportive of the marginal productivity theory. A second, more tentative, conclusion is that there is a systematic difference between factor payments and productivities: blue-collar occupations are paid less than they produce while capital and white-collar occupations are paid more than they produce.
ACCESSION #
4455662

 

Related Articles

  • ECONOMETRIC STUDIES OF LABOR - SUBSTITUTION AND THEIR IMPLICATIONS FOR POLICY. Hamermesh, Daniel S.; Grant, James // Journal of Human Resources;Fall79, Vol. 14 Issue 4, p518 

    ABSTRACT A critical synthesis of the rapidly growing literature on substitution among labor force aggregates is presented. Despite the large number of studies now available, the only firm conclusions are: (1) Physical and human capital are complements and are jointly substitutable with raw...

  • Emergence of the green-collar worker. Leonard, Joel // Pulp & Paper;May2005, Vol. 79 Issue 5, p29 

    Focuses on the emergence of the green-collar worker, a hybrid that combines attributes from both the blue and white collar workers. Changes in the U.S. workforce; Responsibilities of a green-collar employee; Type of skills used by a green-collar worker; Occupations classified as green-collar...

  • Changing attitudes and patterns.  // Monthly Labor Review;Jun71, Vol. 94 Issue 6, p3 

    Examines the changing work attitudes and patterns of blue and white-collar workers in the United States. Economic status of lower-middle-class blue-collar workers; Upward social mobility of children of lower-middle and working class families; Overview on several articles about the advance in...

  • FROM THE SHOP FLOOR TO THE EXECUTIVE SUITE: WORKFORCE REDUCTION IN CANADA. Wagar, Terry H. // International Journal of Employment Studies;Oct1997, Vol. 5 Issue 2, p17 

    This study examined factors related to permanent workforce reduction for six major occupational groups. Based on data from major organisations in Canada, the results indicated that both white and blue collar employees are falling prey to permanent workforce reduction. The economic environment,...

  • JOB PREFERENCES OF WHITE COLLAR AND BLUE COLLAR WORKERS. Weaver, Charles N. // Academy of Management Journal;Mar1975, Vol. 18 Issue 1, p167 

    The article discusses job preferences of white collar and blue collar workers. The author notes a trend in interest among researchers on various aspects of occupational stratification, citing the comparison of values attached to various aspects of work by white collar and blue collar workers as...

  • EVOLUTIONARY TRENDS AMONG THE FRENCH MANAGERIAL GROUP ("CADRES"). Rojot, Jacques // International Studies of Management & Organization;Fall78, Vol. 8 Issue 3, p8 

    This article presents information on evolutionary trends among the French managerial group called cadres. The author discusses the definition of the term cadre, used by the French to identify a category of managers and analyzes the attitudes of these managers toward unionization, an issue that...

  • Union-non-union wage differentials: individual level and organizational level effects. Mastekaasa, Arne // European Sociological Review;Sep1993, Vol. 9 Issue 2, p109 

    The wage difference between unionized and non-unionized employees is assumed to be small in Norway (and in other Scandinavian countries), due to a high degree of unionization, spill-over effects, and standard rate policies. Previous research nevertheless indicates that there is a union...

  • 0WHITE-COLLAR UNIONS, BLUE-COLLAR UNIONS, AND WAGES IN MANUFACTURING. Hamermesh, Daniel S. // ILR Review;Jan71, Vol. 24 Issue 2, p159 

    The article presents a study on the difference between the effects of white-collar unions and blue-collar unions on wages in the U.S. manufacturing industry. The study shows that the effect of unions of clerical workers on wage differentials in manufacturing is smaller than the influence of...

  • THE WORKING-CLASS MAJORITY. Levison, Andrew // New Yorker;9/2/1974, Vol. 50 Issue 28, p36 

    This article discusses a myth perpetrated by liberal intellectuals about a white-collar majority in the U.S. and the implications for practical politics. The phrase "white-collar majority" is the result of deceptive manipulations of statistics and technical definitions that are not used in...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics