Gwartney, James D.; Long, James E.
April 1978
ILR Review;Apr78, Vol. 31 Issue 3, p336
Academic Journal
This paper uses 1960 and 1970 census data to compare the earnings of whites with the earnings of eight racial or ethnic minorities: Japanese, Chinese, Mexican Americans, Filipinos, Puerto Ricans, American Indians, Cubans, and blacks. Relative earnings are found lo vary substantially among these minority groups, with Japanese and Chinese high and blacks and Mexican Americans low in earnings compared to white males and females. Tile only groups for which the authors find large increases in relative earnings during the 1960s are the Japanese, Puerto Rican, and black males. The authors demonstrate that these earnings differentials arise from differences in personal characteristics, such as age and education, and also from ‘residual’ factors, such ns discrimination, with the relative importance of those two categories of factors differing among minority groups.


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