3 W continuous-wave room temperature single-facet emission from quantum cascade lasers based on nonresonant extraction design approach

Lyakh, A.; Maulini, R.; Tsekoun, A.; Go, R.; Pflügl, C.; Diehl, L.; Wang, Q. J.; Capasso, Federico; Patel, C. Kumar N.
October 2009
Applied Physics Letters;10/5/2009, Vol. 95 Issue 14, p141113
Academic Journal
A strain-balanced, InP-based quantum cascade laser structure, designed for light emission at 4.6 μm using a new nonresonant extraction design approach, was grown by molecular beam epitaxy. Removal of the restrictive two-phonon resonant condition, currently used in most structure designs, allows simultaneous optimization of several design parameters influencing laser performance. Following the growth, the structure was processed in buried heterostructure. Maximum single-ended continuous-wave optical power of 3 W was obtained at 293 K for devices with stripe dimensions of 5 mm×11.6 μm. Corresponding maximum wallplug efficiency and threshold current density were measured to be 12.7% and 0.86 kA/cm2.


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