The oxidative-dissolution behaviors of fission products in a Na2CO3–H2O2 solution

Lee, E. H.; Lim, J. K.; Chung, D. Y.; Yang, H. B.; Yoo, J. H.; Kim, K. W.
September 2009
Journal of Radioanalytical & Nuclear Chemistry;Sep2009, Vol. 281 Issue 3, p339
Academic Journal
This study was carried out to investigate the characteristics of an oxidative-dissolution of fission products (FP) when uranium (U) is dissolved in a Na2CO3–H2O2 carbonate solution. Simulated FP-oxides which contained 12 components were added to the solution to examine their dissolution behaviors. It was found that H2O2 was an effective oxidant to minimize the dissolution of FP. For the 0.5 M Na2CO3–0.5 M H2O2 solution, such elements as Re, Te, Cs, and MoO2 were dissolved with yields of 98 ± 2%, 98 ± 2%, 93 ± 2%, and 26 ± 3%, respectively, for 2 h. Among these components, Re, Te, and Cs were completely dissolved within 10–20 min without regard to the concentrations of Na2CO3, and H2O2 due to their high solubility in the carbonate solution with and without H2O2. However, MoO2 was very slowly dissolved and its yield was 29 ± 3% for 4 h. The pH of the dissolved solution revealed the greatest influence on the dissolution yields of the FP, exhibiting the most effective pH condition in the range of 10–12 in order to create a considerable suppression of the co-dissolution of FP during the oxidative-dissolution of U.


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