TITLE

Structure of corystospermaceous ovules from the Upper Triassic of Zimbabwe

AUTHOR(S)
Barale, Georges; Guignard, Ga�tan; Bamford, Marion K.
PUB. DATE
September 2009
SOURCE
Botany;Sep2009, Vol. 87 Issue 9, p854
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Isolated ovules from the Upper Triassic of Zimbabwe were observed using three complementary approaches: light microscopy and, for the first time, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. Complete ovules showed a curved bifid micropylar tube. Three envelopes were present: integument, nucellus, and megaspore. The integument appeared resiniferous. The nucellus was made up of bulging cells around the pollen chamber, which contained bisaccate pollen grains. The ultrastructure of the nucellus revealed a lamellar organization in their microsinuosities. The megaspore membrane was made up of agglomerate rounded bodies more or less closely arranged and surrounded by two layers. The material may be attributed to Umkomasiaceae. A comparison with ovules of different related groups (seed ferns, Caytoniales, Ginkgoales, Nilssoniales, and Coniferales) was made. The Umkomasiales are considered to be a more primitive group than the Pteridospermales with regard to integument and nucellus.
ACCESSION #
44461613

 

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